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Tuesday , 02/12/2013
  How Flu Succeeds: Investigators have identified 295 human cell factors that influenza A strains must harness to infect a cell, including the currently circulating swine-origin H1N1.
Vaccination Information
       This is one of the most important aspect of preventive pediatrics. Immunization in India has still not achieved the goal of "Immunization of All children". Even amongst the doctors there still remains controversy as the specific timing of vaccination. Immunization schedule given below is the most commonly accepted schedule.
National Immunization Schedule
 3 rd day to 3 month  B.C.G  Intradermal
 2 nd Month  1 st dose Polio-OPV  Oral
 3 rd Month
 2 nd dose Polio – OPV
 Triple Antigen – DPT
 Intra Muscular
 4 th Month
 3 rd dose Polio – OPV
 Triple Antigen – DPT
 Intra Muscular
 5 th Month
 4 th dose Polio – OPV
 Triple Antigen – DPT
 Intra Muscular
 6 th Month  5 th dose Polio – OPV  Oral
 7 th Month to 9 month  Measles Vaccine  Subcutaneous
 18 Month
 1 st Booster Dose of Polio
 Triple Antigen – DPT
 Intra Muscular
 4 to 5 Year
 2 nd Booster Dose Of Polio
 Triple Antigen – DPT
 Intra Muscular
 Adults  Tetanus Toxoid  Every 2-5 Year
Measles Vaccine: Only can be given to a child at the age of 9 month or even before that, if there is an epidemic ofmeasles. A booster dose of MMR should be given at the age of 15-18 months.
Effectiveness of BCG: Controversy regarding effectiveness of BCG is still going on. BCG does not prevent formation of primary complex but it certainly helps to prevent severe form of Tuberculosis Therefore it should be advised to all neonates
Oral Polio Vaccine
 Low grade fever which may appear 12-24 hour after vaccination and lasts for a day or two.
Triple Vaccine
 Low grade fever 12-24 hour after the injection
Immunization other than Routine
Used only during an epidemic of cholera. It can be combined with TAB vaccine or given alone. Dose 0.5 ml IM or subcutaneous. Children below 2 year will require 0.2 ml and those between 2-10 year require 0.3 ml.
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